*Math*

**Overview of K-6th Grade Math**

(Scroll down for 7th-9th Grade Overview)

Three Stages of Math Learning in Ray’s Arithmetic:

- Manipulative Stage – Most early work is done using real objects such as balls, checkers, counting blocks, or food.
- Mental Image Stage – Later, work is completed in the head using mental images of the objects.
- Abstract Stage – Gradually, objects and images are dropped and students learn to compute with digits, which comes quickly due to the first two stages.

Ray’s Arithmetic teaches arithmetic by starting with rules and principles, building knowledge piece by piece, and guiding students from simple to complex. Even in the first book, Ray’s Arithmetic incorporates story problems. Students *read* simple sentences which lay out real-life problems that require the student to decide whether to add, subtract, multiply or divide. The student must arrive at the answer mentally.

Ray’s Primary Arithmetic |
Ray’s Intellectual Arithmetic |
Ray’s Practical Arithmetic |

Kindergarten – 2nd Grade | 3rd – 4th Grade | 5th – 6th Grade |

“A student raised on Ray’s will not even know he should be fearful of “story problems” because from day one every problem is posed in a sentence format.”

**Overview of 7th-9th Grade Math**

**7th Grade: Saxon Math 7/6:**

This class uses *Saxon Math – Course 2*. We have chosen Saxon because of its direct incremental teaching style and built-in review of concepts. *Course 2 *provides students an introduction to a range of math concepts: Number and Operations, Algebra, Geometry, Measurement, Data Analysis, Probability, and Problem Solving.

**8th Grade: Saxon Math 8/7: **

This class uses *Saxon Math – Course 3*. We have chosen Saxon because of its direct incremental teaching style and built-in review of concepts. *Course 3 *provides students a deeper study of a range of math concepts: Number and Operations, Algebra, Geometry, Measurement, Data Analysis, Probability, and Problem Solving. It serves as a *Pre-Algebra* course.

**9th Grade: Saxon Algebra:**

Students will learn about signed numbers, exponents, and roots; absolute value; equations and inequalities; scientific notations; unit conversions; polynomials; graphs; factoring; quadratic equations; direct and inverse variations; exponential growth; statistics; and probability in this Algebra 1 course.